Coronary Heart Disease

SOME BASIC FACTS

Coronary heart disease (CHD) also known as coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of cardiovascular disease. CHD is the leading cause of death in the United States and other developed countries while becoming an increasingly major problem in third world countries.

Coronary artery disease tends to develop sooner in men than women. However, women catch up with men after menopause. It is believed that estrogen plays a role in the delay of onset of CHD for women.

Although CHD affects all races, the incidence rate is higher among blacks and southeast Asians. Until about age 60 the death rate for black men is higher than for white men. While for black women the death rate is higher than white women until about age 75.

Coronary artery disease develops over a lifetime and can cause severe chest pain (angina), abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias), heart attacks, congestive heart failure and even cardiac arrest.

WHAT IS IT?

Coronary heart disease is almost always caused by the accumulation of cholesterol and other fatty deposits in the coronary arteries (those surrounding the heart) and their branches. This gradual accumulation is called atherosclerosis or "hardening of the arteries". Over time these fatty deposits (called plague) not only narrow the passageway of the arteries but if some of the plaque breaks open it causes a blood clot to form. If the clot gets large enough it can cause the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart to either slow down or even completely stop!

The slowing down of blood flow to your heart causes chest pains called angina. I understand it feels like something is squeezing or putting pressure on your chest. Different people have told methat they've had pain in either their jaws, neck, shoulders, arms or even their backs. I've also heard others say that they thought they were having indigestion!

If the blood flow is completely blocked and not quickly restored, the section of your heart muscle not receiving the oxygen will start to die! If not attended to soon enough, this heart attack will likely lead to serious long-term complications if not immediate death!

Now do you understand why your cholesterol numbers are so important Boomer?

This video will give you a good overview of CHD.


RISK FACTORS FOR CORONARY HEART DISEASE

Factors you can't control

  • Advancing age
  • You are a male
  • Genetics You have a close relative who developed CHD before age 50 to 55.

Factors you can control

  • Lifestyle changes Physical inactivity
  • High cholesterol levels Boomer,if you aren't getting these checked at least once a year, you're a fool.
  • High blood pressure
  • A high fat diet
  • Obesity As measured by accepted medical standards such as the Body Mass Index. NOT by comparing yourself to others who are "larger" than you! (Nice try, Boomer, but you can't bamboozle your cardio vascular system!)

Watch this video for a better understanding of the risk factors for coronary heart disease.

(Although this video is targeted to women,
it's content is just as worthwhile for men.)



As well as these health conditions that lead to this killer:

Where to go now?

Return to Health Issues

Return from Coronary Heart Disease to Home

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